How to Perform a FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis)?

How to Perform FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis)?
The Basics of FMEA
All of the basics of FMEA are covered along with examples of implementation

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a method to analyze potential reliability problems in the development cycle of the project, making it easier to take actions to overcome such issues, enhancing the reliability through design. FMEA is used to identify actions to mitigate the analyzed potential failure modes and their effect on the operations. Anticipating these failure modes, being the central step in the analysis, needs to be carried on extensively, in order to prepare a list of maximum potential failure modes.

The process for conducting a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis is summarized as follows:

  1. Describe product or process
  2. Define Functions
  3. Identify Potential Failure Modes
  4. Describe Effects of Failures
  5. Determine Causes
  6. Direction Methods or Current Controls
  7. Calculate Risks
  8. Take Action
  9. Assess Results

FMEA training is available through seminars but this approach can be expensive when you need to train several people. A better approach is to hire an experienced consultant and work on a real case.

This process can be applied to the various types of FMEAs, which either focus on the system, design, process, service or the software functions.

It should be noted that a failure mode may be introduced after any change and updates are made to the product and process. Thus, FMEA might need to be reviewed (and updated) whenever a new product (or process) is being introduced, any changes are made to the operations or a change is made to the process design.

By providing the engineers with a tool to assist in ensuring reliable and safe products and processes, FMEA grants certain benefits for project management. It emphasizes problem prevention and acts as a catalyst for teamwork and exchange of healthy ideas. It captures engineering knowledge and provides a focus for improved testing and development, eventually resulting in increased customer satisfaction.

Other resources

 
Loading time: 46 (0) ms