Introduction to Project Scheduling

Project Scheduling is the process identifying and organizing the tasks of a project into a sequence of events ensuring a harmonious completion of the venture. These events are dependent on the results of their preceding activities, thus interlinking all the activities of the project. This interdependency provides for a major need of effective project scheduling.

Project Scheduling enables the project manager to identify risk points, understand the proper linkage of events, assists in resource planning and allows the Project Manager to establish goals for the team and the project.

The task of Project Scheduling is a responsibility of various managers. The Business Area Manager defines the project activities. The Project Manager then organizes the team, works out realistic schedules and resolves any conflicts over resources and priorities. Finally, Business Area Manager assures that the project schedule has been reviewed and agreed on by the functional managers.

Project Scheduling may also employ various scheduling techniques. The Gantt technique is applied for highly repetitive production operations, where work performance of various departments can be combined on a single chart. The Milestone scheduling system is anther technique where milestones are established in the planning phase. PERT/Networking and the Critical Path Method (CPM) are designed for scheduling activities in the development phases, both identifying the critical path, float and slack.

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